The North of Namibia is the part of the country that has the highest population density. This is partly due to the immigration of the Bantu peoples more than 500 years ago, but also because of the water available, rainfall and the vegetation found here. In the Extreme North, popularly referred to as the Four O’s, one will meet the Owambo peoples. This area sustains 60% of the entire countries population.

This does not apply to the whole North, as the North Western parts form part of the Northern Namib, and area which is as stark and unforbidding as it is beautiful. In this area you would meet the proud and statuesque himba.

The most wildlife is also found in the North. Etosha National Park, situated in the Kunene Region, is home to 114 mammals, 340 bird species and 110 reptiles species. It borders the communal areas of Kaokoland and Damaraland, vast stretches of unfenced land in which animals also roam free. More central one finds bushland savannah and thornbsh savannah, areas that are predominantly farmland, with a high concentration focussed on game. In the west the Northern Namib desert stretches along the coast, an area that is as beautiful as it is forbidding. Here one finds desert adapted animals, and no large herds, due to the scarcity of water.

The highlight areas in the Northern Region are Etosha, Bushmanland, Owamboland (the 4 O’s), Kaokoland, Skeleton Coast and Damaraland.


Damaraland, home of spectacular geological formations, mountain massifs of similar structures to the Alps, home to the elusive desert elephant and the World Heritage site at Twyfelfontein. A timeless magic place, of huge open landscapes that is as liberating as it is spectacular.


Kaokoland is one of the last true open wilderness areas on this planet. Home of the proud Himba nation, it comprises huge canvasses of colour, ranging between black dolomitic rock, pale grasslands, interspersed with red sand and “mystic fairy circles”.

Four O’s

Collectively often referred to as “Owamboland”, this area is rich in culture as it is home to almost 60% of the population. The area is typified by open sandy planes, interspersed with oshanas (flat pans that hold water in rainy period), makalani palms and kraals, houses and huts. The area is vibrant with life and colour.


Etosha National Park is one of the finest game parks to be found anywhere in the world. Surrounding the Etosha Pan, a shallow saline depression part of the Great Kalahari Craton, it is a wildlife highlight, with over 114 mammal species, 340 bird species and 110 reptile species.

Attractions of the Etosha Area

Lake Otjikoto is situated about 15 kilometres north of Tsumeb along the C38 road. Otjikoto is undoubtedly as idiosyncratic as lakes go. The traveler comes upon it suddenly and the sight of this huge orifice can be quite startling. The ground without warning opens up into a more or less cylindrical pipe while far below, the eye is arrested by the seemingly placid green waters.


Conjuring up images of bushman hunting in open wilderness areas and dancing by firelight, bushmanland refers to the area North East of Namibia, bordering Botswana, where man has to date had little impact. The area includes parts of Omaheke and Otzonjupa, but also the Khaudom National Park.


Otavi is located in what is referred to as to as the “Golden Triangle” due to the maize farming here. Situated en-route to the Western side of Etosha, Owamboland or Caprivi, it also has historical significance in the expansion of colonial powers within the country due to its mineral wealth.