Keetmanshoop, translated as “Hope of Keetman” is the largest town in southern Namibia and also the administrative capital city of the Karas region. This region is called after the Karas Mountain found close by, the mountain constituting Namibia’s third highest elevation. In 1860 the Rhenish Missionary Society founded a mission station where Keetmanshoop is situated today, in order to spread the Christian faith to the local Nama tribes, being the most prominent tribe found in the Karas region. The ﬁrst missionary, Georg Schröder, arrived in Keetmanshoop in 1866, which is now accepted as the founding date of Keetmanshoop. The town was named after the German trader Johann Keetman who supported the mission ﬁnancially and who also financed the construction of the first church. This church however was washed away by a flash flood and a new church, nowadays the Keetmanshoop museum, was erected in 1895 and declared a national monument in 1978. Another notable building is the post ofﬁce, dating from 1910. Keetmanshoop was known by the Nama as “Swartmodder” (black mud), which referred to the Swartmodder River that, when in flow, carried with it black granite slush. It was also known as Nu-gouses, which means “Black Marsh” and indicated the presence of a spring. Keetmanshoop is an important center of the Karakul sheep farming community. This sheep was also referred to as the “Black Diamond of the south”, as the Karakul farmers earned a fortune selling the skins of the unborn lambs to 1st world countries. The Naute dam, situated about 40 km further south of the city, is Namibia’s second largest lake and provides Keetmanshoop with water. In close proximity to the lake one also finds huge plantations of grapes, dates and different vegetables that are produced for export. In 2010 180 tons of dates were exported from this plantation alone.